1365 ckESpf? wefaqmifrkef;vjynfhausmf 6 &uf/     2003ckESpf Edk0ifbmv 14 &uf/        twGJá7 ? trSwfá137
 
 
 
 



 

eef;wGif;o½kyfazmfjzifh urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm; qJGaqmifrnf

áoefYpif
2003ckESpf Edk0ifbmv 14&uf/   twGJá7 ? trSwfá137
 
bk&ifhnDvmcHodkYr0ifrD tdrfa½SU rif;om;ESif tzJGY eef;awmfOD; avSum;&if;rS yxrqHk; OD;wdkuf uefawmhae[efukd ZmwfwkdufaeMupOf/

jrefrmbk&ifacwf nDvmcHusif;yyHkrsm;rSpí eef;wGif; &moDyJGawmfrsm;? tcrf;tem;rsm;ESifh azsmfajza&; tpDtpOfrsm; udk Edk0ifbmv 15 &ufrSpí rEÅav; trsdK;om;Zmwf½HkwGif npOf jyooGm;rnf[k ukrÜPDBuD; wpfcku ajymMum; vdkufonf/

xdkjyyJGrsm;udk rif;wkef;rif;vufxuf a½S;rltwdkif; o½kyfjywifqufí c&D;oGm;{nfh onfrsm;tm; ordkif; tcsuftvufrsm;ESifh tnD qJGaqmifrI½Sdatmif wifqufjyo oGm;rnf[k 'dkif;rGef;yJavhpfukrÜPD Ouú|u NyD;cJhonfh oDwif;ywf ½Sif;vif;yJGwpf&yfwGif ajymMum;onf/

ukef;abmifrif;quf aemufqHk;eef;pdkuf cJh&m rEÅav;NrdKUawmf½Sd jreef;pHausmf eef; awmfae&mudk t"duxm;í azsmfajzjyo yJGrsm;udk obm0twdkif; jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpf &m trsdK;om; ,Ofaus;rI tqifhtwef; jr§ifh wifa&;ESifh jrefrmhc&D;oGm;vkyfief; wdk;wuf vmapa&;twGuf &nf½G,fygaMumif; tqdkyg ukrÜPD\ Ouú|jzpfol OD;odef;oef;u ajymonf/

[dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vkyfief;jr§ifhwifa&; tpDtpOftjzpf 'dkif;rGef;yJavhpf ukrÜPDrS wm0ef,ljyornfhjyyJGrsm;wGif eHeuf? aeY? n nDvmcH usif;yyHkrsm;? uefawmhcH tcrf; tem;usif;yyHkrsm;ESifh vTwfawmf usif;yyHk rsm;udk rif;wkef;rif;acwfu yuwd usif;y jyKvkyfcJhonfhtwdkif; o½kyfaqmifjyornf jzpfonf/

xdku@rsm;tjyif a½S;acwfajr0dkif;tu rsm;? jrefrmh½dk;&m eef;wGif;tursm;? ½dk;&m ½kyfao;jyuGufrsm;ponfwdkYudk tvSnfhus wifqufoGm;rnf[k od&onf/

]]jyuGuftm;vHk;u Zmwfuwm r[kwf wJhtwGuf Zmwf[ef? Zmwfajym? Zmwftrl t&mawGudk azsmufypfygr,f/ ,Ofaus;rI 0efBuD;Xmeu tEkynm½SifawG yg0ifo½kyf aqmifrSmjzpfNyD;awmh 0wfpm;qif,ifyHkawG u rif;wkef;rif;acwf u 0wfpm;[efawG udk pHjyK owfrSwf xm;ygw,f/ t"du uawmh ordkif;udk azmfxkwfjyowmjzpf NyD; azsmfajza&;oufoufr[kwfbl;qdkwm ay:vGifatmif jyooGm;ygr,f}}[k OD;odef; oef;u ½Sif;vif; ajymjycJhonf/
jyyJGtwGuf o½kyfaqmif 0efxrf; 200 ausmfyg0ifrnfjzpfNyD; npOf 8 em&DwGif tqdk ygtpDtpOfrsm; pwifoGm;rnf[k od&onf/

vufrSwfrsm;udk[dkw,fBuD;rsm;?a½S;a[mif; okawoe½Hk;ESifh uZmwf½HkwGif a&mif;csay; oGm;rnf jzpfonf/
]]EdkifiHjcm;{nfhonfwpfOD;udk tar&duef a':vm (odkYr[kwf) ,l½dkaiG 10 owfrSwf xm;ygw,f/ jyyJGtpDtpOfwdkif;rSmvnf; rkefYwpfrsdK;eJY tazsmfwpfrsdK;rsdK; wJGzuf{nfhcH ay;rSm jzpfygw,f/uRefawmfwdkY jrefrmawG udkawmh wpfOD;?wpfyJGudk oHk;axmifusyfowf rSwfxm;w,f}} [k aps;uGuf refae*sm udkoufOD;Edkifu ajymonf/

]]tck avmavmq,fawmh trsdK;om; Zmwf½HkrSmyJ npOfjyyJG awG vkyfoGm;rSmyg/ jreef;pHausmfeef;awmf rSm jyifqif &r,fh yrmPrsm;wmaMumifh a½SU ESpf v,favmuf rS o½kyfjyyJGawG pjzpfrSmyg/ 'gayr,fh eef; awmfxJrSmjyr,fh jyuGufrsdK;awGudk uZmwf cHkay:rSmvnf; jyooGm;rSm jzpfygw,f}} [k ¤if;u ajymonf/

trsdK;om;Zmwf½HkjyyGJrsm;? twkr½SdESifh a½T ausmif;? jreef;pHausmfa½Teef;awmf taxG axGjyKjyifa&;rsm;ponfh 'dkif;rGef;yJavhpf\ aZ,smoD&dpDrHudef;twGuf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIudk rod&aomfvnf; ukrÜPDtaejzifh aemuf xyf ig;ESpftwGif; tusdK;tjrwf&&ef arQmf rSef;rxm;yg[k ukrÜPD\ ajymqdkcGifh½Sdol udkoufOD;Edkifu ajymMum;cJhonf/

1944 ckESpf 'kwd, urÇmppftwGif;u AkH;'Pfoifhí ysufpD;cJhaom eef;awmfae&m wGif 1989 ckESpfü EdkifiHawmfu eef;awmfukd jyefvnfwnfaqmufcJhNyD; EdkifiHjcm;{nfhonf rsm;ESifh a'ocH y&dowfwdkY avhvmp&m ordkif;0iftrSwftom;tjzpf½SdcJh&m ,ckESpf qef;ydkif;rSpí ,Ofaus;rI0efBuD;Xme\cGifhjyK csufjzifh eef;awmfBuD;udk a½S;rlrysuf jyKjyif rGrf;rHaeNyDjzpfaMumif; udkoufOD;Edkifuajym\/

taxGaxGjyifqifrIrsm;NyD;pD;rnfh 2004 ckESpfv,fydkif;wGif jrefrmheef;wGif;"avhqdkif &m jyuGufrsm;udk jyoí EdkifiHjcm;{nfhonf rsm;udk qJGaqmifoGm;rnf[k od&onf/

xdktpDtpOfrsm;wGif jrefrmbk&ifacwf u wpfESpfoHk;Budrf usif;yavh½Sdonfh uef awmhcHtcrf;tem;rsm;? bk&ifhnDvmcHrsm;? vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;usif;yyHkrsm;? bk&ifh wpfaeYwm vkyfief;rsm;? eef;wGif;olrsm;\ "avhrsm;? EdkifiHjcm;oHwrefrsm;ESifh awGYqHk yHkrsm;? &moDtvdkuf jyKvkyfavh½Sdonfh eef; wGif;yJGawmfrsm; jyooGm;rnf[k od&onf/

jrefrmh eef;wGif;"avhrsm;udk xkwfazmf wifjy&mü rif;wkef;rif;acwfudk xkwfEkwf jyojcif;onf ordkif;taxmuftxm;rsm; jynfhpHkpGm½Sdjcif;? ya'o&mZfacwfu 0wf pm;qif,ifrIrsdK;udk wduspGm jyefvnfazmf xkwfwifjyEdkifjcif; ponfwdkYaMumifh jzpfyg aMumif; udkoufOD;Edkifu ajymonf/